How do new diseases get their names?

There has been a long history in health to call conditions after the medical physician who initially referred to or publicized with that disorder. At times the doctor called the condition after themselves that would be looked at to some degree arrogant and other instances it was given a doctors name by their peers in recognition of their work, that may be considered an honor. Recently there's been a movement away from calling diseases after physicians.

There are many reasons for this tendency. These days research is more likely to be carried out by teams and not individuals working on your own, so it is difficult to credit a condition to only a single person. Sometimes in past times recognition for a disorder has gone to the wrong individual and the illness appears to be explained by another person earlier than the one which has got the recognition.

An illness which is called after a doctor won't identify the actual pathology or the underlying biological mechanisms of the disease process which are often significantly more benefit. For example, it can be relatively easy to understand what disorders like acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or perhaps whooping cough are just based on the name. If these types of illnesses were called after individuals, it would certainly express absolutely nothing with the underpinning pathology. In a number of cases there can be several conditions named after the same physician or the same name. For example, there are twelve different disorders named after the neurologist, Dr Cushing.

In some cases a disease which is called after an individual has something concerning their history that it is not anymore acceptable to name the disease after them. As an example, there was a condition, Reiter’s syndrome that was called after Dr Hans Reiter who was subsequently convicted of war crimes for his medical experiments performed at a Nazi concentration camp. The disease that has been named as Reiter’s syndrome has become more frequently named Reactive arthritis. In the same way, Wegener’s Granulomatosis had been called for Friedrich Wegener who has been a Nazi doctor. The name of the condition is currently more often known as granulomatosis with polyangiitis when his Nazi connections were found.

Another illustration is Severs disease that is a painful disease in the heel bone in youngsters that is self-limiting. It was first described by J Severs back in 1912. It's not a disease, but the usage of this language is potentially harmful to kids. It is probably more correctly known as calcaneal apophysitis as the heel bone is actually known as the calcaneus and the pathology is an irritation with the apophysis (or growth area).

The WHO has now released guidelines on the naming of new diseases by having an emphasis on an ideal process not to identify disorders after doctors or geographic areas in order to prevent the effects on those individuals along with the regions and their economies and also to avoid stigmatization of people and areas. The very best practices suggests that a disease name really should consist of a generic descriptive name which might be according to the signs and symptoms that the condition results in plus more specific descriptive words when robust details are found on how the condition presents or reacts.